Determining sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant through a right triangle

In order to find the trigonometric functions of arbitrary angle α, we assume a random right triangle ABC, which contains angle α.

Angle C is the right angle.

AC and BC sides are legs of the ABC triangle.

The AB is the hypotenuse of the ABC triangle.

Let us denote angle A as α.

The BC side opposite to angle α will be denoted as a.

The AC side adjacent to angle α will be denoted as b.

Hypotenuse AB will be denoted as c.

Определение синуса

Determining trigonometric functions through a right triangle

Definition of the sine

 

The sine of angle α is the ratio of the opposite leg to the hypotenuse:

Определение синуса

Determining trigonometric functions through a right triangle

Definition of the sine

Definition of the cosine

 

The cosine of angle α is the ratio of the adjacent leg to the hypotenuse:

Определение косинуса

Определение синуса

Definition of the cosine

Definition of the tangent

 

The tangent of angle α is the ratio of the opposite leg to the adjacent leg:

Определение тангенса

Определение синуса

Definition of the tangent

Definition of the cotangent

 

The cotangent of angle α is the ratio of the adjacent leg to the opposite leg:

Определение котангенса

Определение синуса

Definition of the cotangent

Definitions of the secant and cosecant

 

The secant of angle α is the ratio of the hypotenuse to the adjacent leg:

Определения секанса и косеканса

The cosecant of angle α is the ratio of the hypotenuse to the opposite leg:

Определения секанса и косеканса

Определение синуса

Definitions of the secant and cosecant